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MRA, IPC Petition Code of Conduct Bureau over Violation of Journalists’ Rights by Ebonyi Governor

…Seek Removal of Governor from Office.

by Juliana K. Tauna, Kaduna

David Umahi

Two Lagos-based media support organizations, known as ‘Media Rights Agenda’ (MRA) and the ‘International Press Centre’ (IPC), have petitioned the Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB) asking it to sanction Ebonyi State Governor, David Umahi, for
allegedly misconducting himself, breaching his oath of office and the Code
of Conduct for Public Officers, following his recent attacks on journalists in the state.

The petition, which was addressed to chairman of the Bureau pursuant to Paragraph 3(e) of Part One to the Third Schedule to the 1999 Constitution, as amended, the organizations contended that Mr. Umahi is unfit to continue to hold the office of the Governor, and requested the Bureau to investigate the matter and invoke the provisions of Paragraph 18(2)(a) and (b) of the Code of Conduct for Public
Officers contained in the Constitution to secure his removal from office and disqualification from holding any public office in Nigeria for the next 10 years.

A statement jointly signed by MRA’s Executive Director, Mr. Edetaen Ojo, and Director of the IPC, Mr. Lanre Arogundade, the petition recounted the April 18 arrest
of Mr. Chijioke Agwu, a reporter with the “Daily Sun” newspaper, on the
instructions of the governor as well as recalled the April 22 state-wide radio and television broadcast by the governor in which he banned for life Mr. Agwu and Mr. Peter Okutu, a correspondent of the “Vanguard” newspaper, from entering the State Government House or any other government facility in the state and from covering any government or official functions in the state.

The organizations, according to the statement, attached an audio recording of the governor’s broadcast to the petition, saying it contained inciting statements against the two journalists whom he banned, thereby putting their lives at risk, as well as
threats to other journalists in the state whom he said would face dire consequences should they publish any negative story about his government.

They noted that the actions and conduct of the governor constitute an abuse of office, in that he improperly and illegally used his position and power as governor in an abusive way to oppress and violate the rights of citizens of Nigeria and put their lives at risk.

The organizations argued that the governor has no authority under the Constitution or any other Law, whether as governor or in any other capacity, to take the actions he took, particularly to impose a life ban on journalists or on any other citizen, who have not been charged with/or convicted of any offence known to Law.

They accused the governor of violating his Oath of Office and the Oath of
Allegiance, contravening several provisions of the 1999 Constitution, putting Nigeria in a situation of having breached its International Treaty obligations, particularly Article 66(2)(c) of the Revised ECOWAS Treaty, where as a Member State of the Economic Community of West African States, Nigeria agreed to co-operate with other Member States in the area of information and undertook to “ensure respect for the rights of journalists.” They cited the provisions of the Constitution, which the
governor violated, to include Sections 13, 22, 35(1), 35(3) and 39(1).

The organizations contended that, by his illegal and unconstitutional actions, the governor has brought Nigeria to ridicule before the international community and is responsible for Nigeria’s violation of several international instruments.

Among these are the Revised ECOWAS Treaty, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as various resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly on the safety of journalists and actions that should be taken on impunity for crimes against journalists.

According to them, by conducting himself in the manner he did, the governor acted arbitrarily and in a manner prejudicial to the rights of other persons, particularly media practitioners engaged in the lawful pursuit of their professional duties as journalists.

They contend that he thereby violated the provisions of Paragraph 9 of the Code of Conduct for Public Officers contained in the 1999 Constitution, which states that, “A public officer shall not do or direct to be done, in abuse of his office, any arbitrary act prejudicial to the rights of any other person knowing that such act is unlawful or contrary to any government policy.”

“We consider the actions of Governor Umahi a grave threat to/and assault on our fundamental rights and freedoms as citizens, particularly in the light of his relentless attacks on journalists whose roles are more important now than ever before in the context of a global pandemic that poses an existential threat to humanity.

“We are motivated to take this step by our conviction that, if we in Nigeria are to overcome the current and future challenges, the ability of journalists to be able to
continue their professional and constitutionally mandate role of gathering, processing and disseminating information to the public should not be hindered,” Mr. Arogundade said.

His views were echoed by Mr. Ojo, who noted that the governor had deliberately and unlawfully created a ‘toxic environment’ for journalists and other media practitioners in Ebonyi State by continually making it impossible for them to carry out their professional duties.

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